Odysseus and Calypso
In this next stage of the hero's journey, we see or hero confronted with material temptations. Sometimes represented as a member of the opposite sex, this temptation calls our hero away from their spiritual quest and seduces them with the sensory pleasures of the world.
Prof. Joseph Campbell: "When it suddenly dawns on us, or is forced to our attention that everything we think or do is necessarily tainted with the odor of the flesh, then, not uncommonly, there is experienced a moment of revulsion: life, the acts of life, the organs of life, become intolerable to the pure soul. The seeker of the life beyond life must press beyond (the woman, in male-centered hero stories), surpass the temptations of her call, and soar to the immaculate ether beyond."
This stage is different than the Meeting with the Goddess, in that the temptation is of a carnal nature. The hero is seeking enlightenment or spiritual ascension at the core of any hero story, and if they are dissuaded from their quest by focusing on the material pleasures of life, they can lose sight of their true goal. It is only when they are able to resist the worldly temptation that they have truly learned the lessons necessary for full realization.
In western culture an aversion to the body, one's own ultimate representative of their physical world and it's animalistic truth, is commonplace, mainly due to religion. However, this stage in the hero journey is not strictly about physicality or the sensual nature that some feel "must be overcome" for true enlightenment. Every stage in the hero's journey is really about the hero changing, metamorphosing into a fuller and more capable person than they were before heeding the call to adventure. Temptations abound in our lives, and they definitely aren't all sexual. Anything which would call one away from their goals and hinder deeper awakening must be both accepted and overcome, if we or our hero hopes to progress along the road to maturity.
Surely we are all seduced and called away by temptations. Whether they be old habits or new lovers, these temptations confound us when we recognize that, despite our quests for enlightenment, we are still lustful, hungry, wanting creatures. Accepting this, as one must accept in the Meeting with the Goddess the totality of life's experience, we can take heed and watch out for the worldly affairs that would divert us away from our ultimate boon. This is no denial of our animal nature, rather, it is taking it into account and fully integrating it into our being, another crucial step on the hero's path to absolution.